[Not located], Rutland
M. W. Barley (Auth.)
PLOUGH PLAYS IN THE EAST MIDLANDS
Journal of the English Folk Dance & Song Society,
Dec.1953, Vol.7, No.2, pp.68-95
This is the most important single paper ever written on East Midlands folk
drama. Starting from the base of E.K.Chambers (1933) "English Folk Play", he
discusses 41 additional texts and other information from Lincs., Notts., Leics.
and Rutland. The approach is very methodical and academically sound - as one
would expect from a trained archaeologist.
There is an excellent review of early records of Plough Monday, Plough Lights
and related customs from various archives. He draws particular attention to the
cast of a play from Donington, Lincs. Concerning the much studied play from
Revesby, Lincs., he adds that Sir Joseph Banks, the famous botanist, must have
had some involvement. This is followed by details of a number of large
households who were visited by Plough Monday teams. He compares the early
nineteenth Century Lincs., plays published by C.R.Baskervill (1924) and modern
plays from the same areas, noting marked differences in the "wooing" scenes.
Comparative details are enumerated of; rewards received by the teams, malicious
ploughing, trailed ploughs, and costumes. Regarding music, Barley notes the lack
of recorded tunes, but is able to give three variants (including one from South
Scarle, Notts.) There is brief description of the vestiges of dances present,
and of Hobby Horses in North Lincs. He extensively discusses regional
variations in the plays, noting differences in characters and lines, much in the
manner of E.K.Chambers.
The Appendix lists around 70 records of plays. There is also a distribution
map. The list does not include a number of references in the text, and these
too are not to be found in the Barley's collection. Notts., examples are;
Averham, Orston, and Sutton-on-Trent.
It was very commendable that Barley did not attempt to speculate on the origins
of the plays, except for an unsuccessful search for possible links with Denmark.
It is unforgivable therefore that P.D.Kennedy felt obliged to add a massive and
patronising footnote giving the E.F.D.S.S. Establishment doctrine about the
supposed ritual and symbolical origins of the plays.
Roy Palmer (Auth.)
The Folklore of Leicestershire and Rutland
Wymondham: Sycamore Press Ltd., 1985, 0-905837-22-3, 288pp.
*This book contains an extensive survey of Plough Monday customs in
Leicestershire and Rutland (pp.86-90). Places mentioned include Glenfield,
Fleckney, Arnesby, Ridlington, Woodhouse Eaves, Claybrooke, Bagworth, Willoughby
Waterless, Grimston, Melton, Belgrave, Elmesthorpe, Broughton Astley, Markfield,
Kings Norton, Leicester, and Ab Kettleby, Leics., and Greetham, Bisbrooke,
Ryhall, Preston, and Seaton, Rutland.
The text of a Ploughboy Night play from Sproxton, Leics., is given on pp.157-164
together with musical scores. This was performed until the 1890s, and the
characters were; Fool/Tommy, Recruiting Sergeant, Farmer's Man, Lady,
Beelzebub/Bellzie, and Doctor. Other places mentioned as having had plays are;
Oakham & Clipsham, Rutland, and Market Bosworth & Ratby, Leics.
Christmas Mummers plays are described on pp.153-157, including the text of a
play from Caldecott, Rutland, also including musical scores. This "Mummiers'
Play" was performed about 1905, and included the characters; Open Your Door,
Guier, King George, Slasher, Doctor, Belzebub and the Miser.
Other Christmas plays are mentioned from Leicester, Lutterworth, Kibworth,
Belgrave, Bosworth, Burbage, Gilmorton, Glaston, Ibstock, Knossington, & North
Kilworth, Leics., and Edith Weston, Rutland
A photograph show a Plough Sunday church service at Great Easton, Leics., which
took place in 1978.
* indicates data that not yet been validated against the original source and/or has yet to be completely indexed.