East Markham (SK7472), Nottinghamshire
P. H. (Auth.)
East Markham Mumming Play
Account of a wireless programme on the last Thursday in June 
in the Children's Hour of the Midland programme. Col. Markham Rose
explained the East Markham Plough Monday Mumming Play which
was represented by the East Markham troop of the Boy Scouts.
Nottinghamshire Guardian (1935c)
More About East Markham Mummers
Gives the end half of the Plough Monday Mummers' play revival from East
Markham, Notts., originally published by J.M.Rose (1935). See Nottinghamshire
Guardian (1935a) for the first half of the text.
This part of the text (42 lines) has the characters; Cow Boy, Plough Boy,
Recruiting Sergeant, Lady, Tom Fool, and Doctor.
Nottinghamshire Guardian (1935a)
*LOCAL NOTES AND QUERIES : East Markham Mummers' Play
Gives a description and first part of the text of the Plough Monday play
revived at East Markham, Notts. Reprinted from J.M.Rose (1935). Text is
given for Tom Fool, Recruiting Sergeant, Plough Boy, and Lady. Cow Boy,
Doctor, Farmer's Wife, and Farmer are listed as other characters.
Col. J. Markham Rose (Auth.)
EAST MARKHAM BOY SCOUTS BROADCAST: PLOUGH MONDAY MUMMERS
Retford, Gainsborough & Worksop Times,
12th Jul.1935, p.5 a-b
This article gives the full text (123 lines) of a Plough Monday play
broadcast by Boy Scouts from East Markham, Notts., in 1935. The introduction
gives a general description of Plough Monday, mentioning the Lord Mayor of
London's Banquet, plough trailing and malicious ploughing. Extensive details
are included of the costumes and the social background of the original
performers. The Plough Boys characters were; Tom Fool, Recruiting Sergeant,
Plough Boy, Lady Bright and Gay, Cow Boy/Teezum/Squeezum and Doctor. The
printed cast list includes a Farmer and Farmer's Wife - clearly introduced for
effect just for the broadcast. The Cow Boy's alternative names appear in the
dialogue as "In comes I, young teezum, squeezum". Pity about the comma.
Following practice in other plays, one would expect a single name Teezum
Squeezum rather than two names.
Nottinghamshire Guardian (1939a)
The End Of Plough Mondays
A general description of Plough Monday, with quotations on the disrepute of
the custom through malicious ploughing, from W. Howitt (1834). S.R.Hole (1901)
and Chaworth-Musters (1890) are also cited. Mentions "guisers", and the
characters Robin Hood and Maid Marion.
Places in Notts., listed as having seen the custom within living memory are;
Newark, Mansfield, Southwell, Bulwell, Radford, Wiverton, Cropwell, and Tithby
(1890), Caunton (1900), and East Markham.
"John Granby" (Auth.)
Local Notes and Queries: PLOUGH MONDAY'S PLAYS.: Part II
12th Jan.1952, No.5565, p.11 b
Crams a lot into three paragraphs. Says that the hobby horse was common on
Plough Monday at Mansfield, Cuckney and Elkesley, Notts., until about 1870.
Summarises M.W.Barley (1951) - again mis-cited as M.W.Bramley. Mentions the
Cropwell/Wiverton play in Chaworth-Musters (1890), recent observances at East
Markham and Weston-on-Trent, and the likelihood of Newstead and Southwell as
good areas to collect. Ends by citing P.Crawford's (1938) "In England Still"
"John Granby" (Auth.)
*LOCAL NOTES AND QUERIES: Old customs still exist - but some have a "new look" [Plough Monday in Notts.]
Article on extant customs in Nottinghamshire.
"The Monday closest to that date (January 6) is Plough Monday,
the day on which the plough was taken round a parish by youths
and men, who probably never knew that the money collected from
cottagers and others was originally for the maintenance of the
farmers' light in church and pocketed it for themselves.
This lingered long into the Victorian era at Radford and Bulwell,
but roughness crept in and it was generally abandoned, though the
accompanying folk-drama and mumming seem never to have quite died
out locally. Mrs. Chaworth-Musters's 'Cavalier Stronghold' gives
full details of the play as performed at Wiverton 50 years ago;
early in the present century it was flourishing at Caunton, and
since then it has been revived at Tollerton and East Markham
and perhaps elsewhere."
Other customs mentioned include ringing the pancake-bell on Shrove Tuesday,
sports and games on hills on the same day, Mothering Sunday, simnel cakes,
and clipping the church.
"John Granby" (Auth.)
LOCAL NOTES AND QUERIES: Old Christmas customs still survive in Notts.
*Nottingham Guardian Journal,
Article on Christmas customs extant in Nottinghamshire.
"...until recently musicians and *'guisers' in fantastic attire were
to be heard and seen at Weston-on-Trent as the mummers were in the
Norwell district on Christmas Eve."
"*'GUYSER' – Here we see the use of the word 'Guiser.' It was used by
W.H.Lawrence [sic] in the story he wrote around this custom of dressing
up and which appeared in the Weekly Guardian of 1907 under the name of
Jessie Chambers of Haggs Farm. It was Lawrence's first published work –
and the story submitted in his own name was returned. He used this ruse
to submit more than one entry because the conditions of the competition
stipulated one only. The story was reprinted in the Christmas Weekly of
December 1949. 'Guyser' is the form used by Lawrence."
Plough Monday falls on the Monday after Twelfth Night
and although villagers no longer perambulate with a plough in quest of
pence for the maintenance of the 'ploughman's light' in their parish
church the custom has been revived in modernised form in which the old
folk-drama has been retained.
About half-a-century ago Mrs. L. Chaworth-Musters reintroduced it at
Wiverton, Caunton copied it; in 1935 the Boy Scouts performed the
traditional play at East Markham and in 1939 it was resuscitated at
Tollerton. The plough is represented by pieces of shaped paper, the
actors are lavishly tricked out with beribboned fancy costumes, 'Bessie'
is still a boy in feminine guise; the quack doctor restores the slain
man to life, and wooden swords and humorous buffonery prevailed as of yore."
'W.H.Lawrence' is evidently a misprint for D.H.Lawrence.
* indicates data that not yet been validated against the original source and/or has yet to be completely indexed.