[Not located], Norfolk
E. B. (Auth.)
LOCAL NOTES &.QUERIES: Origin of Plough Monday
"I do not know if the plough is still drawn about Notts. and
Derbyshire villages on Plough Monday but I remember the time
when 'plough bullocks' with blackened faces, used to come round
like carol singers and collect money in Nottingham streets.
The first Monday after Twelfth Day is commonly said to have been
called Plough Monday because ploughing was resumed on that day.
But this is only part of the origin. Blomefield's 'History of
Norfolk' explains that in old times the church 'plough light'
was maintained by husbandmen and on Plough Monday they went about
with a plough and dancers in procession to get money to maintain
the light which was kept burning in the church before some saint.
'Money for light' was the old demand of the 'plough bullocks'
but in later times their chief object was 'money for beer' - E.B.,
While E.B. cites F.Blomefield's (1775) views on plough trailing
and Plough Lights. This would probably have been taken from a
secondary source, rather than the original.
Paul Herring (Auth.)
PLOUGH MONDAY REVELS IN THE MIDLANDS
9th Jan.1926, No.4208, p.1 a-b,e-f
This extensive feature article describes Plough Monday activities of Plough
Bullocks, Guisers and Plough-licks in Notts., the East Midlands and Norfolk
using information derived from published sources.
A Notts. Plough Bullocks' play is described, with textual fragments, and the
characters; [an Introducer], St. George, Turkish Knight, Doctor, Old Squire,
Beelzebub. This seems to be taken from C.Brown (1891) and W.Hone (1837).
Plough Bullocks collecting money in Nottingham are mentioned.
S.R.Hole's (1902) account of morris dancers at Caunton, Notts. is extensively
quoted. including the play with characters; Robin Hood, Little John, Maid Marion
A description of the trailing of a Fool Plough, with its attendant dancers and
Bessy, also seems to be taken from W.Hone (1837).
Finally there is a brief account of the plough boys' daily life, taken from
Gervase Markham's (1653) "Farewell to husbandry", and J.Prior's novel "Forest
[I recollect having seen the actual newspaper containing this article at one
time, and thought I saw two illustrations taken from W.Hone (1837). However,
these are lacking from the clippings in Notts. County Library's folklore
box. On the other hand these illustrations are included with clippings of
M.W.M. (1926a & 1926b) where they appear to be a little out of context. I
suspect a mix up.]
I.T.Jones Collection (1982, I.T.Jones & A.Cockburn)
Mr. Idwal Jones (Col.); Miss Ann Cockburn (Col.)
Radio Nottingham Phone-In: Tape and Notes
Com. 8th Jan.1982, Ref.L1-1
Tape and notes of a live phone-in on Radio Nottingham on Plough Monday 8/1/82
with the topic Plough Monday and Folk Customs. In the studio were Anne Cockburn
and Idwal Jones with the interviewer Ms.Freddie Gaunt
Tape Counter (10 = ca.35 seconds):
93-114: Introduction and discussion in studio
180-196: Discussion in studio on the ancient society of horsemen
196-242: Discussion in studio on mummers plays and IJ singing the Owd 'Oss song.
242-294: Fred Buckley phoning in re the Plough Monday play in Blidworth.
294-347: Ethel Glossop phoning in re the Plough Monday play in Cotgrave.
375-425: Charles from Long Eaton phoning in re customs in Norfolk relating to the ancient society of horsemen.
425-432: Announcement about the Calverton Plough Boys performing in Oxton and Epperstone on 9th and 10th January 1982.
437-472: IJ singing the version of Good Master and Good Mistress used by the Owd 'Oss Mummers and discussion in studio.
472-505: George from Nuthall phoning in re guising in Brinsley and Underwood.
505-535: Gerry Fearnley phoning in re an Old Horse play in Bulwell.
535-551: Studio discussion on New Year customs.
551-572: Ann Frett phoning in re play from Scotland.
572-575: Closing remarks.
* indicates data that not yet been validated against the original source and/or has yet to be completely indexed.